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4 Types of Glaucoma Surgery

Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness in the United States and the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. More than 3 million people in the country have it, but only about half have been diagnosed. Unfortunately, glaucoma develops slowly and has few symptoms until damage has already been done.

Fortunately, you can detect the disease early and prevent it from worsening by getting your intraocular eye pressure measured at your regular eye exams. Although there is no cure for glaucoma, there are many ways to treat this condition, including surgery, so that you can preserve your eyesight. 

Glaucoma is caused by fluid buildup in your eye. This buildup creates intraocular pressure that can damage the optic nerve, which is the nerve that connects your eyes to your brain. Glaucoma is usually managed with eye drop medicine. However, if medication fails to prevent further vision loss, there are surgical options that can help.

The experienced ophthalmologists at Beverly Hills Institute of Ophthalmology specialize the glaucoma treatments, including the following four types of glaucoma surgery. 

SLT

SLT, which stands for selective laser trabeculoplasty, is a laser surgery that helps the intraocular fluid drain from your eyes, reducing the pressure. It’s a pain-free low energy laser that studies have shown to be a low cost and more effective alternative to eye drops.

Trabeculectomy

Trabeculectomy is a standard surgery for glaucoma. During this operation, a small hole is made in the wall of the eye to allow fluid to slowly escape from the eye, which reduces the intraocular pressure. 

YAG PI laser

YAG PI laser, which stands for YAG laser peripheral iridotomy, is specifically used for people with narrow-angle glaucoma, also called angle-closure glaucoma, which comes on more quickly than the more common primary open-angle type of glaucoma. This type of glaucoma is considered a medical emergency. During YAG PI laser surgery, your doctor makes a tiny opening at the corner of your iris to improve drainage. 

Tube shunt procedures

If you’re not a good candidate for a Trabeculectomy, tube shunts can help relieve intraocular pressure and prevent glaucoma from affecting your vision. During a tube shunt procedure, your surgeon inserts a small tube or valve to reroute your intraocular fluid below your eye, so your blood vessels absorb and safely eliminate it.

The ophthalmology team at Beverly Hills Institute will discuss all your options and recommend the best treatment course to help prevent vision loss. Are you considering glaucoma surgery? Call Beverly Hills Institute of Ophthalmology for a consultation or request one online through this website

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